Domestic Policy

Elections & Political Reforms

Since independence in 1991, Kazakhstan has consistently supported efforts to foster a democratic, free and representative society, as codified in the country’s constitution.

Free and fair elections are a fundamental principle of Kazakhstan’s contemporary government - a democratic presidential republic with a bicameral parliamentary legislature.

Kazakhstan is a young state that has had to shed an inherited Soviet system and mentality. Mechanisms for encouraging citizens’ participation in thge political processes are continually being improved and revised with feedback and recommendations from international partners, like the OSCE, UN, EU and the United States. The government recognizes the importance of fostering a competitive multi-party system that embraces opinion and dissent.

President Tokayev has embraced a progressive ‘listening’ state approach that provides the citizenry both the physical and political space to peacefully express their ideas and opinions.

Elections

Kazakhstan subscribes to the globally recognised standards and norms which govern the appropriate conduct of elections and continue to work with our international partners to ensure that the democratic process is upheld. International observers... Read more

Institute of Parliamentary Opposition

Introduction of an institute of parliamentary opposition, providing for the consolidation of additional guarantees for the representation of parliamentary minority parties in the governing structures of the legislative body.

The terms “... Read more

National Council of Public Trust

Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev established July 17, 2019 the National Council of Public Trust to make government more responsive to the people. The Coucil is an advisory body under the President that aims to conduct open dialogue with ... Read more

Multi-party System

“Different Opinions – One Nation.”

Kazakhstan’s multi-party system allows for the views of all citizens to be accommodated but creates a political environment based on compromise and debate – ensuring that the views of no one group can ... Read more

Party List Quotas

Following a pledge made in December 2019, in May 2020 President Tokayev signed an order which establishes the obligatory introduction of a 30% quota for women and young people under the age of 29 to be included in political party registration l... Read more

Past Elections

Majilis is the lower chamber of the Kazakh Parliament consisting of 107 deputies who are elected for a five-year term. The upper house is the Senate of Kazakhstan, with 47 members. Members of the Senate are elected on the basis of indirect suff... Read more

Peaceful Assembly

Article 32 of Kazakhstan’s constitution guarantees all citizens the right to peacefully assemble. In May 2020, President Tokayev instituted a new law regulating peaceful assemblies, allowing public spaces across Kazakhstan’s cities to be used b... Read more

Political Reforms

President Tokayev announced at the end of his first year as President a comprehensive reform agenda to modernize the government and the antiquated systems and mentality around the legislative process and public engagement. “We are overcoming t... Read more