On March 20, 2016, Kazakhs went to the polls to elect a new Mazhilis - lower chamber of Parliament. 234 candidates campaigned for the 98 seats. Voter turnout was reported to be 77%. By the Kazakh constitution, 9 seats are appointed by the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan is a presidential republic and is legislated by a bicameral parliament. Since gaining independence in 1991 from the former Soviet Union, Kazakhstan has held presidential and parlimentary elections in accordance with Kazakhstan's constitution.